Archive for June, 2011
Photojournalist Robert Gilhooly talks about his mixed feelings of citizen reporting and mainstream reporting inside and outside of Japan during March’s earthquake and tsunami.
I have long had misgivings about citizen journalist reporting, but on this occasion it had provided the world with some of the most stirring images of the devastation. True, it tended to lack context. Yet while local broadcasters were showing detached aerial shots of waves destroying entire communities, smart phone-toting locals on the ground were able to provide personal — and occasionally shocking — close-ups of exactly what the residents below had gone through.
Citizen Journalism and the Crisis in Japan (Global Journalist)
Hye-won Kim, a citizen reporter of Ohmynews, wrote a book Thank You for Visiting an Old Person like Me. The book, which describes the reality of senior citizen living alone, is published by Ohmybook. Ohmybook is a publisher created by Ohmynews. Ohmybook plans to publish books written by active citizen reporters like Kim. She has been a citizen reporter since 2002. Until now Kim produced hundreds top news and got the honor of being introduced in the TIME.
The now famous citizen reporter does not add any pompous modifier, nor does she rashly judge their lives. Kim plainly shows the readers the true condition of the elderly as it is, and allows the audience to contemplate problems of current senior citizen welfare policy. Following are two stories included in the book. The book contains stories of total twelve old people living alone.
Here’s an excerpt.
I want to work, but there is nothing
6 o’clock in the morning, when most of the world is quietly sleeping, Keum-ye Lee wakes up. She eats breakfast, cleans up the house, does her laundry, and heads straight to a senior citizen center, where she does volunteer work. Typically, an 83-year-old woman gets help from the others, not give help to the others. However Lee finds happiness in cooking and feeding more than twenty old people in the center.
“I do not have anything, and I also am in poverty. However it feels good to help other people. At first they tried to keep me from volunteering because of my old age, but now they let me do it. They know that my actions came from a pure, sincere heart.”
Lee insists that she will continue doing volunteer work for as long as her body will let her. In fact, she has continuously worked since she was very young. Lee’s recollections from teenage years to present are filled with chores and work.
The old woman’s hometown is Hwang Hae Do, now a province of North Korea. Because her mother passed away at an early age, it was the young Lee who had to weave 500 straw bags for the Japanese army, who pawed the rice field, and who took care of all the domestic affairs. Though she had enormous amounts of work to do, her life in Hwang Hae Do was joyful, with her loving husband and little son. However her happiness did not last long.
Five years after her marriage, the Korean War broke out, and her husband was lost during the war. After she got separated from her husband, Keum-ye Lee came down to South Korea with her only son. Lee bought an old used sewing machine to make traditional Korean clothes in her new home. Her diligence and exceptional skill in needle work got famous in her village, and many people bought clothes from her. However, poverty did not go away.
“Maybe because I started with nothing, it was hard for me to get out of this miserable state. I sewed all day and night until my fingernails came out, but my earnings were not enough to pay the rent and my son’s tuition.”
She did everything to survive in the chaotic circumstance, from being a hotel cleaning woman to a housemaid. Thankfully, Lee’s hard work enabled her to support her son’s education and marriage. Nevertheless, all her work did not save her from the lonely life in a small semi basement room, the life where she is even afraid she will not be able to pay the heating expenses. The industrious woman is now left with arthritis and the status of “solitary aged woman.”
The life of Keum-ye Lee minus labor is zero. Why did Lee, a hardworking person, remain poor? Lee, who has never stopped working, now earns only $70 in old-age pension. She cannot get basic living subsidies from the government because she has a living son. When will a world where the diligent people get their reward finally come? It seems like we have a long way to go.
Because of the small house I’ve had for 45 years
When I got out of the car to visit Mal-young Seoung in Yeonnam-dong, all I saw were small one-storied houses clinging to each other as if they were grasping for warmth. The area is one of the few places in Mapo-gu where city gas is not installed. In the 1970s, yeonnam-dong was a shantytown, and while there have been significant developments, it is still a region where the poor inhabit. Upon entering Seoung’s house, I saw her watching television alone. Her room was filled with household goods, and there was only a small area left for the beddings on the floor.
Mal-yong Seoung, 80-year-old, is living with her two grandchildren. Her only son left home. Seoung now gets help from social service agencies and earns $166-250 per month through public work, and picking up waste paper. However, Seoung recently hurt her leg, and she is worried how her family will survive if she is unable to work. Her income is not enough to raise 16-year-old and 19-year-old grandchildren, especially in the winter when she has to stop working.
Seoung’s wrinkles show that she has gone through many ordeals in her lifetime. As a young girl, Seoung saw her hometown Seongju-gun transform from a beautiful town teeming with apple trees into a place of abject poverty. After undergoing World War Ⅱ and the Korean War, the subsequent drought proved to be the most difficult. She and her in-laws had to eat wild herbs in order to survive. When they couldn’t find any wild vegetables, they ate the leaves of weeping willows.
Through hard work, Seoung and her husband overcame their hopeless situation and moved to Seoul. In contrast to their life in rural Korea, where inhabitants were confined to being tenet farmers, Seoul seemed to be full of opportunity. In Seoul, women were entitled to sell things amongst men, and so Seoung peddled and made a small amount of money.
“I felt like I had everything in the world when I bought a pacific saury, a little bit of rice, and two pieces of briquette on the way home. I thought that everything was going to be okay.”
Her happiness didn’t last long. Her house burnt down by a fire while she was out peddling, and her husband got into a car accident at the age of 45. He couldn’t get the compensation for the accident or get proper medical care. Seoung’s husband passed away 30 years after the accident.
Soon after her husband’s death, her only son came with his two young children. Her son, who lost an eye by the shock of his divorce, told his mother to take care of his children and left. Even in dire poverty, she did her best to take care of her two grandchildren. She worked as a housekeeper, a manual laborer and a street vendor. She also picked up discarded papers and participated in a job-producing project. However, regardless of her hard work, her situation remains desperate.
Her eldest grandchild has a part time job, but his income isn’t enough for three people either. To make matters worse, Seoung cannot receive government subsidies because she owns a little house. Seoung has been living in her home for 45 years. The house is only 53 square meters, but lately the price has increased sharply due to rumors of redevelopment within the area.
The Korean government does have a policy of giving subsidies to the poor. However, it is hard for many poor to be accepted as recipients of the livelihood programs because of complex standards. The system is unreasonable because they might not be entitled to the help one should get. For this reason, some social welfare experts argue that the system should change.
Seoung lives a life of perseverance. In a utopian context, where diligent people get their rewards, Seoung might have been rich. However, Seoung, along with many others, is trapped in an unequal social system that renders them powerless. Hence, the government should consider reshaping the current irrational social institution that hinders hard workers from reaping their rewards.
A food blogger in Taiwan was ordered by a judge to spend 30 days in prison and pay NT$200,000 in restitution for saying a restaurant’s noodles were too salty. A handful of countries still have these kinds of draconian libel laws on the books. Even though they may sound neutral on paper, they are frequently used by businesses to stifle the speech of consumers, thus creating a one-sided marketplace where businesses can use their free speech (advertise) but consumers can’t. One of the premises of a free enterprise system is that consumers must be informed in order to make fair purchases. That way the businesses that do good jobs thrive while the bad businesses and swindlers die out.
If citizens can’t publish their experiences online, nor their opinions, then there’s no free economy. For further reading, check out what a writer on one of my sites says.
How to Avoid Jail Time Over a Restaurant Review (ZenKimchi)
Arirang TV is promoting a new show called “My Shot,” where anyone can shoot their own story to air on the internationally aired network. I’m personally a little suspicious of how successful this will be, considering that Arirang’s mission is as a PR tool of the South Korean government. So don’t expect any hard-hitting investigative citizen journalism to make it through the producers.
That said, I’ve stated before that not all citizen journalism has to be anti-establishment hard news. A piece on one’s own neighborhood or camping in the Korean mountains is just as legitimate as any other piece of citizen journalism.
When writing articles that rely on individuals’ opinions about a situation, event or service, make sure you interview and quote more than one person.
Let’s say you are writing a story about college students who are participating in a volunteer program to provide health care in Central America. Make sure you interview multiple students to get their perspectives on why they are volunteers in the program.
Be sure to also quote several different students in the story, not just one. In situations where they agree, you can write “the students” said they look forward to experiencing life in another country.
But also make sure you quote several students separately so your readers can learn the variety of perspectives offered by them. One student may have volunteered because of his aspirations to become a doctor, while another student may be involved because she wants travel the globe.
An exception to this would be if you are doing a feature story on one specific person in the program. In that case, the focus of your story would be on the individual rather than the volunteer program. And that would be a totally different approach to the story.
Susan Cormier is the co-author of the “Handbook for Citizen Journalists” (http://www.citizenjournalistnow.com/).
Starting from the Zapruder JFK film and the Holliday video of Rodney King, columnist and veteran newspaper editor Edward Wasserman in The Miami Herald argues that all photojournalists need protection, professional and citizen.
Suppose the difference between the news photographer and the vacationer who filmed a spectacular drug bust is that the photojournalist has the title but the tourist has the pictures. Why treat them differently?
Meranda Watling at 10,000 Words says that in order to find trends that can become reliable news stories, you need to have good database tools. Yes, we’re going back to that new field of database journalism. Seriously, for any citizen journalist who is unable to get out “on the beat” this is a great way to put together useful news stories.